What is Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission?
Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) is a government initiative to develop an integrated digital health infrastructure in India. Under ABDM, every citizen in the country is issued with a digital health ID, known as the Ayushman Bharat Health Account (ABHA), and digital health lockers are provided to them to store their health records digitally.
ABDM is also creating an online healthcare ecosystem that standardizes health facilities, registers health professionals and allows people to easily access & share their health records with multiple healthcare providers. Thus, ABDM bridges the gap between the patients, healthcare providers, policymakers and other stakeholders within the health ecosystem.
Although Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission in August 2020, it was rolled out throughout the country on 27 September 2021. National Health Authority (NHA) is the nodal agency for ABDM.
Key Features of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission
The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission consists of the following key features:
Benefits of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission
The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission has been designed to improve the overall effectiveness, efficiency and transparency in the delivery of healthcare services across the country. It not only benefits the patients but also health professionals, policymakers and researchers among others.
Here are some key benefits of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission for different people:
Components of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission
Check out the components of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission below:
Ayushman Bharat Health Account (ABHA) refers to the digital health ID issued to the citizens of the country under ABDM to standardize the identification process across all healthcare providers. It ensures that medical records are issued to the right person and makes it easier for him/her to grant consent on sharing them with healthcare professionals and service providers.
Healthcare Professionals Registry (HPR) creates a repository of all healthcare professionals across the country involved in providing health services. It includes professionals from both modern and traditional systems of medicine.
Health Facility Registry comprises of a repository of both public and private healthcare facilities across the country, such as hospitals, diagnostic laboratories, pharmacies, clinics, imaging centres, etc. Only healthcare facilities registered under HFR will be a part of the NDHM ecosystem.
Personal Health Records (PHR) refers to the digital record of all health-related information of a person, which is managed, controlled and shared by that person. The PHR can be accessed by multiple health stakeholders like doctors, hospitals, etc. but only after the consent has been granted by the individual.